By Leah Emily Minoza, Sept 14, 2022

Obstetric anal sphincter injuries are a type of pregnancy complication that can occur during vaginal delivery. These injuries are also known as third- or fourth-degree perineal tears or lacerations. The perineum is the area between the anus and the vagina. The injuries involve the anal sphincter complex and even the anal mucosa in more extreme cases, explained Kecia Gaither, M.D., director of perinatal services/maternal fetal medicine at NYC Health + Hospitals/Lincoln in the Bronx, New York.

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