By Kaitlin Vogel, July 9, 2021

The exact underlying pathophysiology of PCOS is unknown. “What is known is that the condition is characterized by hormonal imbalance impacting normal ovarian function resulting in multiple ovarian cysts, menstrual irregularities, heavy or painful periods, weight gain, obesity, acne, excessive hair on the body, increased risk of diabetes, cardiac disease, hypertension, infertility, or ovarian cancer,” says Dr. Kecia Gaither, MD, MPH, FACOG, double board-certified in OB/GYN and Maternal Fetal Medicine, Director of Perinatal Services at NYC Health + Hospitals/Lincoln, explains. “These symptoms vary from woman to woman.”

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