Stephanie Osmanski, 2/11/19

“There have been a number of proposed etiologies surrounding its incidence,” says Dr. Kecia Gaither, MD, MPH, FACOG, double board-certified in OB/GYN and maternal fetal medicine, director of perinatal services at NYC Health and Hospitals/Lincoln. These include, “retrograde menstruation — the menstrual blood instead of coming out the uterus through the vagina and outside of the body, instead goes ‘backward,’ up and out through the fallopian tubes and into the pelvic cavity — altered immunology, transplantation of endometrial cells during an operative or invasive procedure, endometrial implants traversing the body via the blood or lymphatic system, abnormal hormonal milieu and genetics.”

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