By Jessica Freeborn, Feb 8, 2024

“Estrogen has an impact on multiple systems within the body — skin, heart, vasculature, hair, pelvic musculature, brain, mucus membranes, and the urinary system,” non-study author Dr. Kecia Gaither, double board certified OB-GYN and maternal-fetal medicine specialist and director of Perinatal Services at NYC Health + Hospitals/Lincoln in New York City, told MNT. Estrogen levelsTrusted Source are lower after menopause, which is when menstruation has stopped for a year. After menopause, there may be an increased risk for health conditions like osteoporosis and heart disease.

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